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2020年全球器官捐献和移植概况

江文诗 孙永康 闫娟 姜峰 王惠英 马琪婼 谢颖 何湘湘 武小桐

江文诗, 孙永康, 闫娟, 等. 2020年全球器官捐献和移植概况[J]. 器官移植, 2021, 12(4): 376-383. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2021.04.002
引用本文: 江文诗, 孙永康, 闫娟, 等. 2020年全球器官捐献和移植概况[J]. 器官移植, 2021, 12(4): 376-383. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2021.04.002
Jiang Wenshi, Sun Yongkang, Yan Juan, et al. Overview of global organ donation and transplantation in 2020[J]. ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION, 2021, 12(4): 376-383. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2021.04.002
Citation: Jiang Wenshi, Sun Yongkang, Yan Juan, et al. Overview of global organ donation and transplantation in 2020[J]. ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION, 2021, 12(4): 376-383. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2021.04.002

2020年全球器官捐献和移植概况

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2021.04.002
基金项目: 

中欧器官捐献领导力培训与专业技术输送计划项目 573787-EPP-1-2016-1-ES-EPPKA2-CBHE-JP

详细信息
    作者简介:

    江文诗,女,1984年生,硕士,研究方向为器官与组织捐献,Email:wenshi.jiang@hotmail.com

    通讯作者:

    武小桐,男,1953年生,主任医师,研究方向为泌尿外科,Email:422209902@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: R617, R19

Overview of global organ donation and transplantation in 2020

More Information
  • 摘要: 当前,新型冠状病毒肺炎(新冠肺炎)疫情全球各地形势不一,疫情防控仍然不能松懈。在面对各自的社会环境和医疗资源配置的考验下,以及在行业赖以生存的体系运作惯性及固有生产力的支撑下,各国器官捐献和移植工作仍在努力前行。山西省人体器官获取与分配服务中心是在国家专家委员指导下,由原山西省卫生和计划生育委员会于2018年8月28日批准成立的全省唯一、独立运行的非营利性医疗机构。本文通过剖析疫情期间美国和西班牙的器官捐献与移植数据,结合山西省人体器官获取与分配服务中心器官捐献工作的开展情况,进一步探索符合我国国情、省情的公民器官捐献与移植工作体系的建设。

     

  • 图  1  美国器官捐献发展过程及2019年至2020年器官捐献情况

    注:A图为美国器官捐献发展; B图为用于移植的器官总数; C图为器官捐献同意率; D图为合格供者转化率; E图为DCD比例; F图为每供者捐献器官用于移植数量。
    (数据来源:OPTN; 数据分析:I Share for Life)

    Figure  1.  The development process of organ donation in the United States and the situation of organ donation from 2019 to 2020

    图  2  美国58家OPO 2020年总体情况

    (数据来源:OPTN; 数据分析:I Share for Life)

    Figure  2.  Overall situation of 58 OPOs in the United States in 2020

    图  3  西班牙器官捐献发展进程(1989年至2020年)

    (数据来源:ONT; 数据分析:I Share for Life)

    Figure  3.  The development process of organ donation in Spain (from 1989 to2020)

    表  1  美国和西班牙2019年至2020年器官捐献和移植情况[3-4]

    Table  1.   Organ donation and transplantation in United States and Spain from 2019 to 2020

    国别 器官捐献 器官移植
    死亡 活体 总数 死亡 活体 总数
    美国
      2019年(n) 11 870 7 389 19 259 32 322 7 397 39 719
      2020年(n) 12 588 5 729 18 317 33 310 5 726 39 036
      同比(%) 6.05 -22.47 -4.89 3.06 -22.59 -1.72
    西班牙
      2019年(n) 2 302 356 2 658 5 093 356 5 449
      2020年(n) 1 777 268 2 045 4 157 268 4 425
      同比(%) -22.81 -24.72 -23.06 -18.38 -24.72 -18.79
    数据来源:OPTN和ONT; 数据分析:I Share for Life。
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  美国58家OPO年2019年和2020年捐献指标情况

    Table  2.   Donation indicators of 58 OPOs in the United Statesin 2019 and 2020

    指标 全美 中位数 最大值 最小值
    捐献同意率(%)
     2020年 73.7 73.2 89.7 54.5
     2019年 74.6 76.4 89.2 56.3
    合格供者转化率(%)
     2020年 70.9 70.8 89.7 53.9
     2019年 71.8 73.2 86.8 56.3
    每供者移植器官数(个)
     总体
      2020年 2.9 2.9 3.4 1.9
      2019年 3.0 3.1 3.6 2.1
     DCD供者
      2020年 1.9 2.0 2.6 1.3
      2019年 1.9 2.0 2.9 0.9
    数据来源:OPTN; 数据分析:I Share for Life。
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-04-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-07-13
  • 刊出日期:  2021-07-15

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