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异种肝移植的探索之路:从科学研究走向临床应用

李霄, 曹薇薇, 余良. 异种肝移植的探索之路:从科学研究走向临床应用[J]. 器官移植. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2024043
引用本文: 李霄, 曹薇薇, 余良. 异种肝移植的探索之路:从科学研究走向临床应用[J]. 器官移植. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2024043
Li Xiao, Cao Weiwei, Yu Liang. Exploratory road of liver xenotransplantation: from scientific research to clinical application[J]. ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2024043
Citation: Li Xiao, Cao Weiwei, Yu Liang. Exploratory road of liver xenotransplantation: from scientific research to clinical application[J]. ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2024043

异种肝移植的探索之路:从科学研究走向临床应用

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2024043
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(82070681、81970566);陕西省重点研发计划资助项目(2023-YBSF-429);陕西省自然科学基础研究计划资助项目(2022JM-537)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    李霄(ORCID 0000-0003-1731-7488),Email: lixiao0757@163.com

  • 中图分类号: R617, Q78

Exploratory road of liver xenotransplantation: from scientific research to clinical application

More Information
  • 摘要: 随着手术技术进步及围手术期管理水平提升,器官移植受者及移植物存活率显著提高,供器官短缺已成为限制器官移植进一步发展的主要障碍。近期,以基因修饰猪为供体的异种肾移植和异种心脏移植已进入临床试验并取得了不错的效果,异种移植再一次成为生物医学研究的热点。与心脏和肾脏相比,基因修饰猪的肝脏在非人灵长类动物体内的存活时间还比较短,且实验结果差异性较大,尚不具备进入临床试验的条件。因此,本文从术式选择、凝血功能障碍和急性血管性排斥反应3个方面,总结目前异种肝移植的研究进展,讨论阻碍异种肝移植进入临床试验的主要问题及可能的解决策略,以期为异种肝移植从科学研究走向临床提供参考。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2024-02-01
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-04-28

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