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多学科融合促进器官捐献学科体系建设及专业化发展

江文诗, 马联胜, 殳儆, 等. 多学科融合促进器官捐献学科体系建设及专业化发展[J]. 器官移植, 2022, 13(6): 711-721. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2022.06.004
引用本文: 江文诗, 马联胜, 殳儆, 等. 多学科融合促进器官捐献学科体系建设及专业化发展[J]. 器官移植, 2022, 13(6): 711-721. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2022.06.004
Jiang Wenshi, Ma Liansheng, Shu Jing, et al. ulti-disciplinary integration promotes the disciplinary system construction and professional development of organ donation[J]. ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION, 2022, 13(6): 711-721. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2022.06.004
Citation: Jiang Wenshi, Ma Liansheng, Shu Jing, et al. ulti-disciplinary integration promotes the disciplinary system construction and professional development of organ donation[J]. ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION, 2022, 13(6): 711-721. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2022.06.004

多学科融合促进器官捐献学科体系建设及专业化发展

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2022.06.004
基金项目: 

中欧器官捐献领导力培训与专业技术输送计划项目 573787-EPP-1-2016-ES-EPPKA2-CBHE-JP

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    江文诗,硕士,研究方向为器官与组织捐献,Email:wenshi.jiang@hotmail.com

  • 中图分类号: R617, R19

ulti-disciplinary integration promotes the disciplinary system construction and professional development of organ donation

More Information
  • 摘要: 学科交叉融合成为当前科学技术发展的重大特征,跨界融合将逐步成为常态。专业和技术的多学科融合具有不可预计的潜力,催生新学科前沿、新科技领域及新创新形态。器官捐献是我国新时代的新生学科,构建和推动以保障捐献者及家属的合法合理权益及移植受者健康权益为总体目标的器官捐献学科体系,符合推动我国器官捐献和移植事业高质量发展的根本要求。同时,器官捐献工作是一项复杂的医疗和社会行为,公民捐献的器官属于国家资源,这也赋予了器官捐献事业一种社会公益属性和与社会各方的关联性。本文通过分析我国器官捐献工作当前面临问题的本质,以及分析器官捐献的全流程及供者的不同临床阶段其所需理论知识、专业技能和人员支撑,说明建立以多学科融合为基础的器官捐献学科体系的必要性和可行性。同时研究如何将器官捐献学科建设融入国家政策,以维护捐献、家属和移植受者权益为中心,以器官捐献和移植工作为主线,遵从多方共创、共建、共促、共享、共赢的合作原则,推动器官捐献的多学科融合发展和综合人才培养,共同提高器官捐献认知率及捐献率,使器官捐献工作获得社会各界人的广泛认同。

     

  • 表  1  潜在供者未能成为实际供者(供者丢失)的原因

    Table  1.   Reasons for potential donors failing to become actual donors (donor loss)

    分类 原因
    体系原因 未能识别或转介可能或潜在供者
    脑死亡诊断未得到确认
    未在适当的时间范围内宣布循环系统死亡
    后勤问题
    没有合适的受者
    供者或供者器官原因 医学检查不符合要求(有器官捐献禁忌证)
    血流动力学不稳定或非预期的心脏停搏
    器官的解剖学、组织学和(或)功能异常
    修复时器官受损
    器官灌注不足或血栓形成
    许可或知情同意原因(沟通问题) 死者生前明确表示拒绝成为捐献者
    亲属拒绝同意器官捐献
    司法鉴定验尸官或其他司法官员不同意器官捐献
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-06-27
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-11-14
  • 刊出日期:  2022-11-15

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