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人体器官捐献中的死亡标准问题

杨顺良, 江哲龙, 吕立志, 等. 人体器官捐献中的死亡标准问题[J]. 器官移植, 2024, 15(3): 359-366. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2024033
引用本文: 杨顺良, 江哲龙, 吕立志, 等. 人体器官捐献中的死亡标准问题[J]. 器官移植, 2024, 15(3): 359-366. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2024033
Yang Shunliang, Jiang Zhelong, Lyu Lizhi, et al. The question of death criteria in human organ donation[J]. ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION, 2024, 15(3): 359-366. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2024033
Citation: Yang Shunliang, Jiang Zhelong, Lyu Lizhi, et al. The question of death criteria in human organ donation[J]. ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION, 2024, 15(3): 359-366. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2024033

人体器官捐献中的死亡标准问题

doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-7445.2024033
基金项目: 福建省临床重点专科泌尿外科建设项目(2017ZDKMN);联勤保障部队联勤医学重点专科(LQZD-QG)
详细信息
    作者简介:
    通讯作者:

    王栋(ORCID 0009-0007-6356-6473),博士,副主任医师,研究方向为肾移植,Email:wangdong1202@medmail.com.cn

  • 中图分类号: R617, R19

The question of death criteria in human organ donation

More Information
    Author Bio:

    杨顺良,主任医师,教授,硕士研究生导师。研究方向为器官捐献工作体系的创建与关键技术研究,肾移植长期存活受者的个性化免疫抑制治疗。现任中国人民解放军联勤保障部队第九〇〇医院泌尿外科副主任。兼任中华医学会泌尿外科学分会肾移植学组委员、中华医学会器官移植学分会移植感染学组委员、福建省医学会器官移植学分会副主任委员、福建省泌尿外科学会委员。兼任《器官移植》《中华细胞与干细胞杂志(电子版)》《中华器官移植杂志》编委。入选原南京军区“334”高层次科技人才培养工程领军人才培养对象。以第一完成人获福建省科技成果二等奖1项,军队医疗成果二等奖1项和军队医疗成果三等奖2项

    Corresponding author: Wang Dong, Email: wangdong1202@medmail.com.cn
  • 摘要: 死亡后捐献是开展公民逝世后器官捐献工作最重要的伦理原则。新修订的《人体器官捐献和移植条例》未定义死亡,且回避了“是否承认脑死亡”这一关键性问题,器官捐献工作中可能存在一定的法律风险或损害捐献者权益的情况。死亡是人类生命过程最终无法避免的事实,任何时代都需要而且只能通过一些具体的标准来判定死亡。死亡标准的建立基础是人们所持有的死亡观,并受到生产力发展水平和其他社会因素制约。中西方死亡判定标准的认定上存在明显差异。为了规范器官捐献和移植工作,推进器官捐献高质量发展,必须坚持动机纯正原则,以知情同意为前提,尊重捐献者及其近亲属的死亡标准自主选择权,严格遵循死亡判定程序和操作规范,确保死亡认定的科学性、准确性和公正性。

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2024-01-15
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-02-29
  • 刊出日期:  2024-05-07

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